Episode 46 – Lego-Based Therapy

One of the most common effects that occur in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is their difficulty to navigate social environments. This can be quite frustrating for parents because we don’t want our child to feel isolated from their peers or have difficulty communicating effectively. We want to be able to teach them essential social skills, so they can function and interact normally with other people. Our guest today works around play, specifically using LEGO in his clinical practice to help children on the autism spectrum to become socially competent naturally, but in a fun way.

Dr. Daniel LeGoff is a clinical and developmental neuropsychologist who was born and educated in Canada and is currently a clinical supervisor and consultant based in Pamplona Beach, Florida. He was educated in Vancouver British Columbia and completed his clinical training in Chicago and Honolulu. He is best known for his work on improving social development using collaborative LEGO Activities. This model was developed to meet the needs of the growing population of children and adolescents who had social learning difficulties and who did not appear to be improving with standard forms of psychotherapy or behavioral interventions. After publishing the initial studies on this method, Dr. LeGoff collaborated with colleagues in the USA and UK to write a treatment manual and a subsequent book of case studies. Since then, this approach has been adopted in over 50 countries and the manual is available in six languages. Dr. LeGoff continues to do research and provides consultation and training internationally to universities, clinics, and provider groups on LEGO-based therapy.

Key Learnings

Tune in to our conversation and learn:

  • What Dr. LeGoff was doing before he got into the area of helping children with social learning difficulties and pioneering LEGO-based therapy
  • How a simple observation of two boys playing in his clinical practice led him to pioneer LEGO-based therapy
  • The roles kids get to play during a LEGO session and how these roles teach interdependence
  • The difference in the way boys and girls bond socially
  • How he started LEGO Clubs and the rules Dr. LeGoff made along with the kids
  • How each level in the LEGO Club teaches different ways on how these kids become socially competent
  • The distinction between abilities, skills, and performance
  • How this distinction is important when looking at the progress of these kids during LEGO-based therapy
  • How stop-motion films became a student-led initiative inside the LEGO Club
  • The benefits, advantages and social competencies kids can learn from LEGO Club
  • Where we’re currently at with research regarding LEGO-based therapy
  • Do the benefits of LEGO based therapy transfer outside the clinical setting
  • How parents and families can become an engine for their children to increase social competence
  • What some professionals are doing wrong in LEGO-based therapy
  • Resources for professionals are looking to train or facilitate LEGO-based therapy in their clinical practice


“One of the things I try to convey about the LEGO Club is how real it has to be (for the kids). You can’t orchestrate this. You have to kind of let it happen, it has to be their interest, their connection, their motivation.”

“LEGO-based therapy is not glamorous, but it is meaningful to kids. Its not like playing a game. But in LEGO Club, this is real, this is meaningful, these are your friends, this is a real situation, and I encourage them to be emotionally invested in their relationships and their accomplishments.”


LEGO (R)-Based Therapy: How to Build Social Competence Through Lego (R)-Based Clubs for Children with Autism and Related Conditions

By: Daniel B. LeGoff, Gina Gomez De La Cuesta, G. W. Krauss, Simon Baron-Cohen

The two books on the topic are widely available, as well as one by two speech-language pathologists, Dawn Ralph and Jacqui Rochester (Building Language Using LEGO Bricks, A Practical Guide), which is also published by Jessica Kingsley. The first book was the treatment manual, LEGO-Based Therapy (2014), which has been translated into five other languages and is now used in over 50 countries.

Dr Daniel LeGoff is currently working on a third book, tentatively called, LEGO-Based Therapy: Guidance for Families.

Research Article:

  • Two large replication studies underway in the UK, one sponsored by the LEGO Foundation, involving Simon Baron Cohen at Cambridge University, and the other sponsored by the NHS at York, Sheffield and Newcastle Universities https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/9/5/e030471

Recent Article:

Email Address: [email protected]

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Any information and links presented within the Chatabout Children™ with Sonia Bestulic podcast are aimed to provide general information and advice only.
Information is to be used at the discretion of the consumer/ listener. The information presented does not replace or substitute the expert advice received from a direct consultation with the relevant qualified professional.


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